Nanotech

The following phenomena, processes and procedures investigated in the context of microgravity research are relevant for nanotechnological developments:

  • Obtaining exact data for the optimization of process technologies in gas phase synthesis of nanopowders and particles.
  • Investigation of particle-particle/gas interactions concerning the aggregation in high vacuum, in sprays, in flames and in plasmas.
  • Investigation of the formation and stability of nanoemulsions.
  • Investigation of thermal transportation phenomena in magnetic liquids.
  • Self-organization phenomena.
  • Advancement of analytical devices (nano/micro system engineering, lab-on-a-chip systems or laser-optical procedures).

Apart from basic research in fundamental and plasma physics, application-orientated questions like particle coating, the production of nanoporous materials or the optimization of plasma processes in semiconductor industries, can also be examined with the experimental setup in principle. It is expected that knowledge about complex plasmas obtained in microgravity research will contribute to the optimization of industrial terrestrial plasma processes.

Application fields may include the coating of pharmaceutical drugs and surface

Nano

 refinement in semiconductor technology.  Also, the formation of nanoscale carbon structures by electrical arc discharge plasma synthesis, has already been investigated in microgravity experiments by NASA.  Furthermore, complex plasmas are relevant for processes in which a particle formation is to be prevented, if possible, as, for example, within plasma etching processes for microchip production.

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